Installation and Configuration of VMware vRealize Operations Manager 6.6

In this post I will introduce the deployment of VMware vRealize Operations Manager 6.6. This deployment is very simple and it divided into two phases.

  1. Installation – OVA deployment
  2. Configuration – Initial Cluster Configuration

The OVA deployment is very simple, just import OVA into vSphere server in vCenter server, setup its management IP and then boot up the virtual appliance.

After you boot up vRealize Operations Manager 6.6, then input its IP address in web browser and start the configuration, click “NEW INSTALLTION”.

Then NEXT.

Setup the new password for admin, then NEXT.

Install the certificate, you can choose the default certficate or install a new one, then NEXT.

Input the name of Master Node and NTP server, then NEXT.

Finally click FINISH.

It starts the configuration when you click “Start vRealize Operations Manager”.

Cluster status will show “Online” when the installation is successfully completed.

Go to “https://<Managment IP address of vRealize Operations Manager>/ui

Go to vRealize Operations Manager Configuration, then NEXT.

Accept the agreement, then NEXT.

Input the Product key, then NEXT.

Then NEXT.

Finally, click FINISH.

Once the configuration is successfully completed, go to Solutions section of Administration tab and start to configure vCenter adapter.

Input the vCenter Server and its Credentail, then click “SAVE SETTINGS”.

Once the setting is completed, vCenter Adapter starts to collect the performance data from vCenter Server.

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vExpert 2017 Second Half Announcement

I am pleased that my name appears in two lists of vExpert NSX and VSAN 2017, 😍😍.

Below are the links for the announcements :

VMware vSAN vExpert 2017

VMware NSX vExpert 2017

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Top vBlog 2017 Full Results

Top vBlog 2017 Full Results. Honored to hit #186 on TopvBlog2017. Congrats to all category winners!  I am glad that my name appear in the list.

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Upgrade – VMware vCenter Server Appliance 6.5

In this post, we will perform the upgrading from vCenter 6.0 U3 to 6.5 U1. We highly suggest that check VMware Product Interoperability Matrices before any VMware products upgrade. Accroding to Interoperability Matrices, this upgrade path is supported.

Firstly you need to download vCenter Server Appliance 6.5 Update 1 ISO in VMware website. Then mount this ISO and start the vCenter Server Appliance 6.5 installer located at \vcsa-ui-installer\win32

Select Upgrade button from the VMware vCenter Server Appliance 6.5 Installer.

VCSA Upgrade includes two stages which is deploy a new VCSA and copy data from source VCSA to target VCSA.

Stage 1 – Deploying vCenter Appliance 6.5

Click on Next.

Accept the End User Licence Agreement. Click on Next.

Enter the FQDN or IP of your existing 6.0 VCSA as well what host the existing VCSA resides on, along with all the login credentials. Click on Next.

Enter the ESXi host you want the new VCSA 6.5 appliance to be deployed. Click on Next.

Enter the name you would like for the appliance VM and root password. Click on Next.

Next, select the deployment size that best matches your environment. For this demonstration I’m selecting Tiny. Click on Next.

Select what datastore you want the VCSA 6.5 appliance to be stored. Click on Next.

Configure a TEMPORARY network setting. Once Stage 2 of the upgrade has been completed the VCSA 6.5 will take the network identity of the old existing VCSA. Click on Next.

Review the summary and click on Finish.

Once completed you will have the option to continue onto Stage 2 of the upgrade or close. If you close then you can finish the VCSA config by going to “https://<TEMP_VCENTER_IP>:5480

Stage 2 – Copying data to VCSA 6.5

After clicking Continue from Stage 1 you will be taken to the Stage 2 Upgrade introduction page, click on Next.

Confirm the source vCenter Server and ESXi host. Click on Next, this will start pre-check.

Select what data you would like to migrate from the existing VCSA 6.0 deployment to the new VCSA 6.5. Click on Next.

Check or un-check if you would like to join the Customer Experience Improvement Program (CEIP) and click on Next.

Again review the summary and check “I have backed up the source vCenter Server and all the required data from the database” and click on Finish.

You’ll receive a notice telling you that the existing VCSA 6.0 appliance will be shut down and it’s network identity will be enabled on the new VCSA 6.5 upgrade. Click on OK.

It starts to copy the data from the source VCSA to the target VCSA.

After a few minutes the vCenter Server Appliance upgrade should complete and you should see the following screen.

When you log into vCenter 6.5 by web client in “https://<VCENTER_IP>/vsphere-client and start enjoying vCenter Server 6.5.

This upgrade is successfully completed.

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Dell EMC RecoverPoint for Virtual Machines 5.1 – Protect VM

In this post, we will perform one demonstration of new Virtual Machine protection (Local Copy) and see the power of auto-provisioning of replica VMs as well as Journals and VMDKs.

Firstly you login into vCenter by Administrator in vSphere Web Client, then will protect the virtual machine “TestVM” by RecoverPoint for Virtual Machine.

Right-click the TestVM, and then select All RecoverPoint for Virtual Machines > Protect.

Note: Once you right click on the VM, it might take few seconds for the All RecoverPoint for Virtual Machines option to appear at the bottom of the menu.

On the first step, you must select whether you want to create a new Consistency Group or add the VM to an existing CG. For the TestVM, you will create a new Consistency Group. Ensure Create new consistency group for this VM is selected.

The Protect VM wizard in RecoverPoint for Virtual Machines allows protection of multiple VMs within the same Protect VM wizard. In this case, only the TestVM should be protected at this point. Therefore, Do not select Select additional VM(s) to protect within the same consistency group.

In the Enter a name for the new Consistency Group field, type TestVM_CG.

Then you will select a RecoverPoint for VMs cluster to protect the TestVM. Select vRPA51 as the production cluster which is going to replicate the TestVM. Click Next.

NOTE: vRPA51 is local vRPAcluster, DR-vRPA51 is remote vRPAcluster.

In the Enter a name for the production copy field, type TestVM_PROD. Select Manually select a registered datastore from the table below, and select DS3_SDD.

Expand Advanced options > TestVM> VMDKs

Other options under Advanced Options are:

  • Protection Policy – Automatically protect new VMDKs.
  • Disk Provisioning – Select the same Disk Provisioning as the source VM or create the replica VMDKs as either THICK or THIN regardless of their type on the source VM
  • Hardware Changes – Replicate Hardware changes made to the source VM towards the replica VM. If this option is deselected, the replica VM would be created with virtual Hardware configuration as the source on the time the production VM was initially protected.

Click Next.

In this step you will configure one of our two target copies. You will start by configuring the local copy. In the Enter a name for the new copy field, type TestVM_Copy1. Select vRPA51, and then click Next.

Here, you will configure the journal volumes for the vRPA51 local copy. Leave the Journal size as 10GB as well as the current configured datastore.

Replication type to Asynchronous or Synchronous and you can also specify an RPO in terms of allowed lag based on size, number of writes or time (seconds, minutes..etc). For now, leave this option unchanged. Click Next.

In this demonstration, you want to automatically create the replica VM so leave the Automatically create a new VM copy at the target cluster option selected.

Select the resource to run the replica VM. Expand vRPA51 > > New Datacenter, and then select Site-A. Click Next.

In this step, you will configure the datastore which the target VM will reside on. Select the DS1_SDD datastore to store the target VM. Click Next.

In this step, you will define failover network for target VM. Click Next.

In the Ready to Complete screen, a summary of selections that you made during the wizard are displayed. Take a moment to review the settings, and then click Protect.

The RecoverPoint for VMs system is now creating the shadow (.shadow) and replica (.copy) VMs as well as auto-provisioning VMDKs for the replica VM and source and target journals.

After waiting and refreshing vSphere Web Client, you will see that replication initialization begins. Depending on what step the system is running, you might see the rp.TestVM.copy.shadow VMs in the inventory list on the left.

If you see any displayed errors about vRPAs unable to access certain devices, ignore those – they will be cleared once the volume have been provisioned.

Ignore any warnings on vRPAs running on the same ESX as the protected VM. It’s recommended that vRPAs protect VMs running on different ESXi nodes. vRPAs and VMs can co-exist on the same node, but the recommendation is to have the vRPAs protect other VMs.

In a production environment, the Consistency Group state would change from Paused by System, to Init (%) and finally to Active state. Active state would indicate that point-in-time images are available at the target replica VM.

In a production environment, the accompanying screenshot shows how replication displays an Active state which would indicate that point-in-time images are available for test and recovery operations.

Demonstration – Protection of Dell EMC RecoverPoint 5.0 For VMs

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RAID Configuration of EMC Unity Hybrid and All Flash Storage

Storage pools consist of a collection of RAID protected drives. For pools with multiple tiers, each tier can be configured with its own RAID type and stripe width. The following table, Unity supports various RAID levels, which offer different levels of protection, performance, and cost. Choose the appropriate RAID level depending on the requirements.

RAID 1/0
RAID 1/0 combines mirroring and striping. Drives are paired up, mirrored, and then these pairs are striped together to provide redundancy and improved performance. If a drive fails, the data on the surviving drive is mirrored directly to the hot spare, without requiring any parity calculations.
Note that when using RAID 1/0 with only two drives in a 1+1 configuration, a RAID 1 configuration is used since the data cannot be striped after it is mirrored.

RAID 5 stripes data across multiple drives and distributes parity among them. The parity is automatically rotated among all available drives. The parity calculation protects against a single drive failure since it allows the missing data to be rebuilt using the remaining drives. If a drive fails, the data on that drive can be rebuilt on to the hot spare using the parity data.
RAID5 can only sustain the failure of a single drive in a RAID 5 group. The failure of two drives in a single RAID 5 group results in data loss. The storage pool and its resources also become unavailable. RAID 5 is recommended for Flash and SAS drives.

RAID 6 is similar to RAID 5, leveraging striping but with dual distributed parity. Using dual parity provides the added benefit of being able to sustain two drive failures in a single RAID 6 group. For example, if a second drive fails while the first one is still rebuilding, there is no outage. In cases where there are two drive failures in a single RAID 6 group, rebuilds also occur in parallel. RAID 6 is useful for low-speed and high capacity drives, such as NL-SAS. These types of drives take a significant amount of time to rebuild which increases the possibility of a double drive fault.

When you create the Pool for each tier in Unisphere, it is based on above RAID configuration to build up each Pool. The number of each disk (Flash, SAS and NL-SAS) is very important for your design of each pool.

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VMware Data Center Virtualization Design Exam Passed

I am happy to pass VMware Certified Advanced Professional 6 – Data Center Virtualization Design Exam on last week. I am not believe the result when I submitted the exam, finally I can pass this exam. Now I am glad to achieve the both certificate of VCAP6-DCV Deploy and VCAP6-DCV Design. 😢😢😢

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