Veeam Availability for Nutanix AHV – Part2

Nutanix AHV Integration

System Requirements

  • AOS 5.1.1+, 5.5.x+
  • Veeam Backup & Replication v9.5 Update 3a

The is the demo configuration for AHV integration. Firstly we configure Veeam Backup Proxy Appliance, setup the network settings, admin user and password.

After finish the configuration, we can see the veeam dashboard.Then add the Veeam Server into Backup Proxy Appliance.Add the AHV Cluster into Backup Proxy Appliance.After that we can create a new backup job for testing, input the name of backup job and backup schedule.

Select the target VM.

Select the backup repository.

Configure the backup schedule.

Execute the backup job.

The test backup job starts to backup the target VM.

We can restore this VM from it when it finished the backup job.

This simple confguration is successfully completed.

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Veeam Availability for Nutanix AHV – Part1

Veeam Backup & Replication 9.5 integrates with Nutanix Acropolis hypervisor (AHV), allowing you to back up Nutanix AHV VMs to Veeam backup repositories.

For integration with Nutanix AHV, Veeam Backup & Replication offers a special component of the Veeam backup infrastructure – Veeam Availability for Nutanix AHV (proxy appliance for AHV VMs backup). The proxy appliance is a virtual module that performs the role of a coordinator between the Nutanix platform and Veeam Backup & Replication. The proxy appliance communicates with Nutanix AHV to back up VMs and restore VMs back to Nutanix AHV clusters.

To back up Nutanix AHV VMs, Veeam Backup & Replication uses agentless approach. The solution works at the hypervisor level. It creates image-based backups of VMs, capturing the whole VM data at a specific point in time, including OS, system state data, application data and so on. Backups of Nutanix AHV VMs are stored on Veeam backup repositories in the native Veeam format. You can use the resulting backup files for the following restore scenarios:

  • Entire VM restore
  • VM disks restore
  • File-level restore
  • Application item restore
  • Restore to Microsoft Azure
  • VM disk export
  • Instant recovery to Hyper-V VM

Architecture of AHV Integration

The operation of AHV Integration

The operation of AHV Integration – Secondary backup

The operation of VM restore on AHV

The operation of application restore on AHV

The operation of restore to Cloud

Veeam Agent – AHV Integration

Nutanix Metro Availability

Nutanix offers a “Metro Availability” option that is a policy applied on a datastore, which effectively spans the datastore across two sites. This is accomplished by pairing a container on the local cluster with one on a remote site and then synchronously replicating data between the local (active) and remote (standby) containers. When metro availability is enabled, everything in the active container is replicated synchronously to the remote container.

Figure: The example of Metro Availability

Site A
Nutanix Cluster A (3 nodes).
Protection Domain 1 – Active Controller.
Protection Domain 2 – Standby Controller.
The protected VMs enabled with “Should DRS Affinity Rule” on Controller 1.
Site B
Nutanix Cluster B (3 nodes).
Protection Domain 1 – Standby Controller.
Protection Domain 2 – Active Controller.
The protected VMs enabled with “Should DRS Affinity Rule” on Controller 2.
Site C
Witness virtual server.

Planned Maintenance

1. Update the DRS Affinity Rules in Site A.
2. Move the VMs to Site B by vMotion.
3. Promote the Metro Protection Domain (PD) in Site B.
4. Disable the PD in Site A.
5. Re-enable the PD in Site B.

Unplanned Failure

1. Site B detects outage of Site A and acquires witness lock (20 seconds).
2. Protection Domain automatically becomes active (Primary) on Site B.
3. vSphere HA will restart all VMs in Site B.
4. No administrator operations necessary.

Unplanned Failback

1. Update the DRS Affinity Rules in Site B.
2. Move the VMs to Site A by vMotion.
3. Promote the PD in Site A.
4. Disable the PD in Site B.
5. Re-enable the PD in Site A.

Example of Failure Scenario 1

The connection loss between Site A & Site B, the virtual machines continue to run.

Example of Failure Scenario 2

The connection loss between Site A & Site B, and between Site A & Site C. The virtual machines on Site A continue to run.

Example of Failure Scenario 3

Site B outage or complete network failure. The virtual machines on Site A continue to run.

Overview of Hyper Converged Infrastructure Systems

The following are some reference information about each brand HCI.

Dell EMC VxRail Appliance

vCenter Server Options on VxRail Appliance
https://wuchikin.wordpress.com/2018/05/08/vcenter-server-options-on-vxrail-appliance/

Software upgrade – Dell EMC VxRail vSAN Stretched Cluster
https://wuchikin.wordpress.com/2018/04/16/software-upgrade-dell-emc-vxrail-vsan-stretched-cluster/

Dell EMC VxRail – VMware Virtual SAN Stretched Cluster
https://wuchikin.wordpress.com/2018/03/28/dell-emc-vxrail-vmware-virtual-san-stretched-cluster/

iDRAC firmware upgrade on EMC VxRail Appliance
https://wuchikin.wordpress.com/2017/10/29/idrac-firmware-upgrade-on-emc-vxrail-appliance/

Demo – EMC VxRail software upgrade from v4.0.310 to v4.5.0 (Quanta)
https://wuchikin.wordpress.com/2017/10/15/demo-emc-vxrail-software-upgrade-from-v4-0-310-to-v4-5-0-quanta/

New Features in EMC VxRail 4.5
https://wuchikin.wordpress.com/2017/10/10/new-features-in-emc-vxrail-4-5/

Dell EMC VxRail 4.0 – Erasure Coding
https://wuchikin.wordpress.com/2017/08/28/dell-emc-vxrail-4-0-erasure-coding/

VMware vSAN

VMware vSAN 6.6 Stretched Cluster
https://wuchikin.wordpress.com/2017/11/09/vmware-vsan-6-6-stretched-cluster/

Create VM Storage Policies on vSAN 6.6 Stretched Cluster
https://wuchikin.wordpress.com/2017/11/10/create-vm-storage-policies-on-vsan-6-6-stretched-cluster/

VMware Virtual SAN 6.7
https://wuchikin.wordpress.com/2018/05/04/vmware-virtual-san-6-7/

Enabling VMware vSAN 6.7
https://wuchikin.wordpress.com/2018/09/29/enabling-vmware-vsan-67/

Enabling vRealize Operations within vCenter and vSAN 6.7
https://wuchikin.wordpress.com/2018/09/29/enabling-vrealize-operations-within-vcenter-vsan67/

What’s New in vSAN 6.7 Update 1
https://wuchikin.wordpress.com/2018/10/29/whats-new-in-vsan-6-7-update-1/

NetApp HCI

Datastore Provisioning
https://wuchikin.wordpress.com/2018/05/10/netapp-hci-datastore-provisioning/

Protecting NetApp HCI with Veeam
https://wuchikin.wordpress.com/2018/09/17/protecting-netapp-hci-with-veeam/

Cisco HyperFlex System

Cisco HyperFlex Cluster Replication
https://wuchikin.wordpress.com/2017/11/16/cisco-hyperflex-cluster-replication/

Cisco HyperFlex Integration with Veeam Backup & Replication
https://wuchikin.wordpress.com/2018/02/21/cisco-hyperflex-integration-with-veeam-backup-replication/

Cisco HyperFlex Systems and Veeam Backup and Replication – VM Replication
https://wuchikin.wordpress.com/2018/04/30/cisco-hyperflex-systems-and-veeam-backup-replication-vm-replication/

Create a Cisco HyperFlex Systems Stretched Cluster
https://wuchikin.wordpress.com/2018/10/31/create-a-cisco-hyperflex-systems-stretched-cluster/

Create a datastore – Cisco HyperFlex Stretched Cluster
https://wuchikin.wordpress.com/2018/11/01/create-a-datastore-cisco-hyperflex-stretched-cluster/

Nutanix Metro Availability

Nutanix Metro Availability
https://wuchikin.wordpress.com/2018/11/10/nutanix-metro-availability/

Create a datastore – Cisco HyperFlex Stretched Cluster

Log in to HyperFlex Connect, we can see the operational status of HX Stretch Cluster.

We can get further details about each node in the cluster.

If we create Datastores in the cluster, go to Datastores on Manage menu.

Click “Create Datastore”, input Datastore Name, Size and select Site Affinity.

In this scenario, we will create two Datastores “Cisco_DS1” and “Cisco_DS2“.

NOTE: Each datastore is available to all hosts. However, because of the Site Affinity choices during datastore creation.

After creating the two Datastores, we can see these two Datastores are avaiable on all hosts.

 

Create a Cisco HyperFlex Systems Stretched Cluster

The following is the architecture diagram of Cisco HyperFlex Systems Stretched Cluster, there are two set HyperFlex systems at site A/B, the witness server installed at 3rd site.

Now we will go through the high level deployment of Cisco HyperFlex Systems Stretched Cluster. Login credential into the Cisco HX Data Platform Installer. Accept the Terms and Conditions to activate the Login button.

Click Create Cluster and select Stretch Cluster from the drop-down menu, we will configure the HX Cluster at Site A/B. Now we configure the Site A.

Select a File to upload a file that contains the configuration details for the HX Cluster. Click Continue.

Wait approximately a few seconds while the HyperFlex Installer polls UCS Manager for the servers available to this Cluster. Click Continue. Finally review the hypervisor networking configuration, and click Configure Site to configure this HX Cluster.

After a few minutes, you can see the HyperFlex Configuration Successful message in HyperFlex Installer.

Now we can configure the HX Cluster at Site B, select Configure Site. Repeat the above procedures to configure the Site B.

Select a File to upload a file that contains the configuration details for the HX Cluster. Click Continue.

Wait approximately a few seconds while the HyperFlex Installer polls UCS Manager for the servers available, the four servers (Site A and B) are displayed. Click Continue. Review the network configuration of the cluster and click Continue.

Finally review the all configuration, and click Start to configure this HX Stretch Cluster.

Wait approximately 40 minutes for the cluster to be fully configured.

Log in to HyperFlex Connect, we can see the operational status of HX Stretch Cluster.

The deployment of HyperFlex Stretch Cluster is completed successfully.

What’s New in vSAN 6.7 Update 1

VMware HCI is the Best Building Block for a Digital Foundation

vSAN is the only storage software natively integrated with the market leading hypervisor, vSphere. vSAN’s unique integration delivers optimal resource utilization for mission critical applications. vSphere is likely already in your data center today; because vSAN is native, it’s easy for admins to pick up and learn, increasing agility.

vSAN 6.7 Update 1 Makes it Easy to Adopt HCI

With vSAN 6.7U1, we are delivering benefits across three key areas. First, we’re simplifying day one and two operations, and customers will be able to quickly deploy and extend cloud infrastructure and minimize maintenance disruptions. Admins will be able to easily keep their environments up to date with extended lifecycle management benefits.

Quickly Build & Integrate Cloud Infrastructure

vSAN 6.7U1 introduces a new guided cluster creation and extension workflow. This new workflow enables admins to stand up HCI clusters consistently, and provides built-in checks and best practices along the way. No need to go to multiple places in the UI or feel uncertain that a step was missed in the process. This same workflow will guide users to create a stretched cluster.

Driver & Firmware Updates using VUM

VUM further simplifies lifecycle management by proactively alerting users when an upgrade or patch is available and managing more server components (specifically in this release, the host I/O controller firmware and drivers), and provides confidence by performing health checks before remediating the cluster.

Minimize Maintenance Disruptions

vSAN 6.7U1 will ensure workload availability by notifying admins when certain actions are occurring in the cluster that would impact performance if a host is entered into maintenance mode. In addition, vSAN will reduce uncertainty by advising maintenance operations can be performed without performance and availability impacts. Finally, 6.7U1 will save time by anticipating the success or failure of entering a host into maintenance mode.

Improved Capacity Reporting

vSAN 6.7 U1 enhances capacity reporting in a few different ways. Having a better understanding of past, present, and future capacity utilization is a top-of-mind concern for administrators.

Mixed MTU Support for 2 Node and Stretched Clusters

In a stretched cluster environment, the ability to isolate witness traffic using dedicated uplinks was a powerful enhancement made to vSAN 6.7. vSAN 6.7 U1 introduces additional levels of flexibility to this feature with the support of mixed MTU sizes configured for witness traffic, and the Inter-site link used for vSAN data traffic.

Improved Health Check Guidance

vSAN 6.7 U1 extends this feature even more, with a more robust way of handling multiple approved firmware levels for storage controllers. vSAN 6.7 U1 also introduces functionality that is now accessible in the UI. Health checks can be silenced granularly, directly in the UI, as well as being able to purge inaccessible swap objects that are no longer needed.These improvements improve the effectiveness of vSAN’s ability to not only recognize issues but remediate them more quickly.

VMware vExpert PRO

VMware just announced the launch of the new VMware vExpert Sub-Program called “vExpert PRO”. I am happy to be selected out of the many vExperts in APJ.

Who are the vExpert Pros?

A vExpert Pro is a current vExpert who excels in their local region, adding value to the program and giving back to the community. This person has a strong relationship with the local IT community in general, and works as an advocate for the vExpert program, recruiting, mentoring and training people.

https://blogs.vmware.com/vexpert/2018/10/10/vmware-vexpert-pro-program-launch/

What’s New in VMware vRealize Operations 6.7

The vRealize Operations 6.7 focuses on continuous performance optimization,
predictive capacity management and planning, and providing application monitoring
capabilities. It also provides several usability improvements, analytics advancements,
content enhancements, and better integration.

Below are the key features and capabilities:

  • Pre-Upgrade Assessment Tool.
  • Analytics Advancements.
  • Platform Improvements.
  • Refreshed vSAN support.
  • Automated Agent Lifecycle Management to Enable Application Monitoring in
    Wavefront.
  • User Experience Improvements.
  • Content Enhancements.

The Quick Start dashboard guides you through the following use cases:

  • Optimize Performance.
  • Optimize Capacity.
  • Troubleshoot.
  • Manage Configuration.

The additional links guide you to important internal and external information, including:

  • Management Packs in the VMware Solution Exchange.
  • Training videos and additional resources.
  • vRealize Operations Manager Assessment tools.

Capacity Allocation Overview Dashboard

Here we can find information on allocation ratios for virtual machines, vCPUs, and
memory for a specific data center or cluster. It even has some recommendations based
on performance requirements. Scroll down to see the current allocation percentages for
individual clusters.

vSphere Optimization Assessment

The vSphere Optimization Assessment has been completely revamped in 6.7. It added the following improvements:

  • Easier to use with one-click report generation.
  • Revamped and expanded reports with easy to understand content.
  • Highlights vRealize Operations new capabilities and features.

The Sample of Assessment Report

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